\"arrow\"place: Hertfordshire - Amwell  p-link

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1493-01-08: Prior and Convent of Hertford  c. John Englissh  John Burton  TithesLondon Metropolitan Archives, MS DL/C/A/001/MS09065124v-125r, 129v-135v, 143r-147r, 148r, 153v-160r, 161r-164v
1493-01-08: John Burton, Response of Defendant
Testifies that the prior of Westminster Abbey informed him that no tithes were to be paid on a property he had bought called Amwellbury Wood.

1493-07-19: John Ive, Witness for Plaintiff
Agrees with previous witnesses, John Ulmer, except the part concerning Thomas Carter, which he knows nothing about, and John Redington. Also, testifies that what he says is common knowledge in the parish of Amwell and neighbouring parishes.

1493-07-19: Robert Wete, Witness for Plaintiff
Agrees with previous witnesses, [first witness examined above] and John Redington. Also, challenges suitability of witnesses William Billoke, John Miles, John Cowper, and William Roo, as perjurers or participants in other kinds of corruption of legal processes.

1493-01-18: John Noteman, Witness for Plaintiff
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that he does not know if tithes for wood from Amwellbury are usually paid to the prior and convent of Hertford. Also, testifies that John Englissh and John Burton often told him that they refused to pay tithes to the latter for the Amwellbury wood that they bought from the abbot of Westminster.

1493-07-19: Robert Atthoo, Witness for Plaintiff
Agrees with previous witnesses, [first witness examined above?] and Thomas Boggys. Also, testifies that he paid tithes to the prior and convent of Hertford for the wood he bought from within the lordship of Amwell, c. 1488-1489.

1493-01-18: John Roper, Witness for Plaintiff
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that since a legal settlement c. 1488, according to common knowledge and the claims of those involved, tithes are paid for all wood from within the parish, though he never saw tithes being paid for wood from Amwellbury.

1493-01-18: William Woodleff, Witness for Plaintiff
Testifies that customarily tithes for all wood cut down, including that from Amwellbury, are paid no matter which tenant holds the land, and that although he has never seen wood cut from Amwellbury Wood, he believes the tithes should be paid according to how they are paid everywhere else in the parish. Also, testifies to having heard the prior and others frequently demand that John Englissh and John Burton pay the tithes for the Amwellbury Wood they bought around 1491.

1493-04-20: William Fadir, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that the prior and convent of Hertford never collected tithes for wood from Amwellbury Wood, which he knows because for twenty years he collected rent for the abbot and convent of St. Peter in their estate in Amwellbury.

1493-04-20: William Billok, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that in his lifetime he has seen wood cut from Amwellbury Wood three times, and that in none of those cases were tithes paid. Within the previous ten years the prior had prosecuted buyers of wood from Amwell for tithes, but not from wood bought from lands belonging to Westminster Abbey.

1493-04-20: Thomas Baldewyn, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that those who bought wooded properties in the parish, including himself, as well as wood from Amwellbury Wood, did not pay tithes to the prior and convent of Hertford, with the exception of Shorrey and Gamelyn, who paid tithes for all wood bought within the parish except that found on the lands of the abbot and convent of Westminster.

1493-05-23: Richard Spycer, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that it is common knowledge in the parish of Amwell that no tithes for Amwellbury Wood were ever, before this present suit, sought by or paid to the prior and convent of Hertford, nor were tithes claimed from the abbot and convent of Westminster. Also, testifies that John Englissh and John Burton bought Amwellbury Wood from the monk bailey of Westminster Monastery.

1493-04-20: John Miles, Witness for Defendant
Testifies that he agrees with William Billok, although he knows only about the most recent case of the cutting of wood, where he was involved in the work and can attest that no tithes were paid. He knows of no other tithes of wood claimed by the prior and brothers of Hertford priory in the parish, except once ten years ago when the prior sued a certain Shorrey and recovered tithes of wood. He adds that a certain King, who died forty years before at the age of about 100, saying just as Billok deposed.

1493-01-09: John Englissh, Response of Defendant
Testifies that the abbot and monks of Westminster Abbey informed him that no tithes were to be paid on a property he had bought called Amwellbury Wood.

1493-07-19: John Ulmer, Witness for Plaintiff
Testifies concerning reputation and lives of previous witnesses; testifies that Fadir is a tenant of the abbot and convent of Westminster Abbey by virtue of living within the lordship and town of Amwell, and that Thomas Carter, one of Fadir`s guarantors, told him Fadir had during his time as bailiff and rent-collector for the said abbot and convent in the manor at Amwell accumulated significant debt; believes that Fadir is unfavourable towards the prior and convent of Hertford; finally, challenges suitability of previous witnesses William Billok, John Miles, John Cowper, William Spicer, and Richard Spicer as notorious perjurers and generally as ill-reputed.

1493-04-20: John Cowper, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that it is common knowledge that from time immemorial the prior and convent of Hertford never collected tithes for wood from the parish of Amwell, especially from the lands belonging to the abbot and convent of Westminster. He heard that the prior recuperated the tithes of wood from Robert Shorrey and Gamelys, but he cannot say whether the wood came from the abbot of Westminster`s property.

1493-07-19: Thomas Bogges, Witness for Plaintiff
Testifies concerning reputation and lives of previous witnesses; testifies that when he himself lived in Amwell eight years ago, William Fadir lived in the manor of Amwell and was a tenant of the abbot and convent of Westminster, which he knows because all those living within the lordship and town of Amwell are tenants or subtenants of the said abbot and convent; testifies that Fadir was bailiff and rent-collector for the abbot and convent in Amwell manor, and fell deeply in debt to the abbot and convent such that his guarantors also became liable; believes that Fadir is unfavourable towards the prior and convent of Hertford; finally, challenges suitability of previous witnesses William Billok, John Miles, John Cowper, and William Spicer as poor men and notorious perjurers.

1493-07-26: Robert Kyrkeby, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning reputation and lives of previous witnesses; testifies from his own experiences and from public fame that previous witnesses William Woodlef, Sir John Noteman, John Gamelyn, Thomas Bole, John Roper, William Killing, and William Golding are in some way affiliated with the prior and convent of Hertford.

1493-07-26: William Symson, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning reputation and lives of previous witnesses; testifies from his own experiences and from public fame that witnesses William Woodlef, Sir John Noteman, John Gamelyn, Thomas Bole, John Roper, and William Killing are in some way affiliated to the prior and convent of Hertford.

1493-07-26: William Roo, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning reputation and lives of previous witnesses; testifies from his own experiences and from public fame that previous witnesses William Woodlef, Sir John Noteman, John Gamelyn, Ralph Boreham, John Deham, Thomas Bole, John Roper, William Killing, and William Goldingare in some way affiliated to the prior and convent of Hertford, and that their testimonies may be biased as a result. He answers an allegation that William Cowper had sat on a jury that acquitted the witness on a homicide, saying that it was properly adjudicated.

1493-01-18: William Goldyng, Witness for Plaintiff
Agrees with previous witness, John Noteman, concerning customary tithes collection and testifies that John Englissh and John Burton often told him that they refused to pay tithes to the prior and convent of Hertford for the Amwellbury wood they bought from the Abbot of Westminster, who they claimed assured them no tithes needed to be paid.

1493-07-26: William Bolles, Witness for Defendant
Testifies concerning reputation and lives of previous witnesses; testifies that the past or present affiliations between the prior and convent of Hertford and previous witnesses Sir John Noteman, William Woodlef, and William Golding are common knowledge and that they may have predisposed these witnesses to favour the said prior and convent.

1493-01-18: John Denham, Witness for Plaintiff
Agrees with previous witnesses, William Woodlef and John Noteman, concerning customary tithes collection except that he heard tithes from certain fields within the manor of Amwell were collected by the previous prior. Also, testifies to hearing that John Englissh and John Burton bought wood from the abbot of Westminster that came from the lordship of Amwell Wood, though he is unaware of whether or not they paid tithes for it.

1493-01-18: William Killing, Witness for Plaintiff
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that since c. 1485-86, the prior and convent of Hertford have received all tithes coming from the parish, though he never heard of nor saw wood from Amwellbury be cut. Also, testifies that John Englissh and John Burton bought twenty or thirty acres of wood in Amwellbury from the abbot of Westminster, though he does not know the value of the tithes.

1493-01-18: Thomas Bole, Witness for Plaintiff
Testifies concerning customary tithes collection that following a suit between the previous prior, Sir Richard Lamplew, and himself c. 1485, tithes have been paid to the prior and convent of Hertford for all wood cut from within the parish, though he has not seen tithes paid for wood from Amwellbury because he has never before now seen wood from there cut.

1493-01-18: John Gamlett, Witness for Plaintiff
Agrees with previous witnesses, William Woodlef and the “first witness examined above” [?] concerning customary tithes collection except that he did not hear about tithes being paid for wood bought from Amwellbury. Also, testifies that John Englissh and John Burton bought Amwell and King`s wood from the abbot of Westminster.

1493-07-19: John Redington, Witness for Plaintiff
Agrees with previous witness, John Ulmer, except the part concerning Thomas Carter, which he knows nothing about, and challenges suitability of previous witnesses William Billok, John Miles, John Cowper, Thomas Baldwyn, and William Spicer as poor men and notorious perjurers.